primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 6.58. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall energy demand will be reduced in 2050 by 45%. The Middle East’s primary energy demand will increase from 21,360 PJ/a to 28,393 PJ/a. 63% of the remaining demand will be covered by renewable energy sources.
The advanced version phases out coal and oil about ten to 15 years faster than the basic scenario.This is made possible mainly by the replacement of new coal power plants with renewables after a 20 rather than 40 year lifetime and a faster introduction of electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 22% in 2030 and 76% in 2050.