heat and cooling supply
Renewables presently provide 60% of energy demand for heat and cooling supply in India, the main contribution coming from the use of biomass. Dedicated support instruments are required to ensure a continuously dynamic development of renewables in the heat market. In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, renewables will provide 71% of India’s heating and cooling demand by 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures will restrict future energy demand for heat and cooling supply to an increase of 74% relative to 2005, in spite of improving living standards.This compares to 133% in the Reference scenario.
- In the industry sector solar collectors, biomass/biogas and geothermal energy are increasingly substituted for conventional fossil-fuelled heating systems.
- A shift from coal and oil to natural gas in the remaining conventional applications leads to a further reduction of CO2 emissions.
In the Energy [R]evolution scenario 5,110 PJ/a is saved by 2050, or 25% compared to the Reference scenario.The advanced Energy [R]evolution version introduces renewable heating and cooling systems around five years ahead of the basic scenario. India can use concentrated solar energy to generate heat for industrial processes in its north western provinces.