- There are 421,000 electricity sector jobs in the [R]evolution scenario in the Middle East in 2010, and 427,000 in the Reference scenario.
- In 2020, jobs in the [R]evolution scenario are slightly higher,with 655,000 compared to 615,000 in the Reference case.
- Jobs in both scenarios grow strongly to 2030. The [R]evolution has 790,000 compared to 753,000 in the Reference scenario.
Gas jobs grow in both scenarios, but the growth is less under the Energy[R]evolution, particularly after 2020. However, growth in renewable jobs make up for the slowing of growth in the gas sector in the [R]evolution scenario. Energy efficiency jobs are also important, resulting from the19% reduction in electricity use compared to the Reference case in 2020.
The Middle East is a very important gas exporting region, with exports accounting for 30% of fuel jobs in both sectors in 2010.This increases to 40% of fuel supply jobs in the Reference scenario by 2030, and reaches 60% in the [R]evolution scenario.
Only 30% of renewable technology is assumed to be manufactured locally by 2030; securing these manufacturing jobs within the region would add another 85,000 jobs.
Looking at overall change in job numbers, the big difference between the scenarios is the jobs associated with gas generation, which grow very strongly in the Reference scenario, and fall in the [R]evolution.This is primarily because of the reduction in domestic gas generation as a result of improved energy efficiency in the [R]evolution scenario.