An increase in economic activity and a growing population does not necessarily have to result in an equivalent increase in energy demand.There is still a large potential for exploiting energy efficiency measures. Under the Reference Scenario, we assume that energy intensity will be reduced by 1.3% per year, leading to a reduction in final energy demand per unit of GDP of about 45% between 2003 and 2050. Under the energy [r]evolution scenario, it is assumed that active policy and technical support for energy efficiency measures will lead to an even higher reduction in energy intensity of 70%.
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