heat and cooling supply
Renewables currently provide 5% of OECD Pacific’s primary energy demand for heat supply, the main contribution coming from biomass. Dedicated support instruments are required to ensure a future dynamic development.
In the Energy [R]evolution Scenario, renewables provide 73% of OECD Pacific’s total heating and cooling demand by 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures can decrease the current demand for heat supply by 10%, in spite of improving living standards.
- For direct heating, solar collectors, biomass/biogas as well as geothermal energy are increasingly substituting for fossil fuelfired systems.
- A shift from coal and oil to natural gas in the remaining conventional applications will lead to a further reduction of CO2 emissions.