heat and cooling supply
The starting point for renewables in the heat supply sector is quite different from the power sector. Today, renewables provide 53% of primary energy demand for heat and cooling supply in Developing Asia, the main contribution coming from biomass. Dedicated support instruments are still required to ensure a continuously dynamic development of renewables in the heat market.
In the Energy [R]evolution Scenario, renewables provide 70% of Developing Asia’s heating and cooling demand in 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures can restrict the future primary energy demand for heat and cooling supply to a increase of 48%, compared to 77% in the Reference Scenario, in spite of improving living standards.
- In the industry sector solar collectors, biomass/biogas and geothermal energy are increasingly replacing conventional fossil fuel-fired heating systems.
- A shift from coal and oil to natural gas in the remaining conventional applications leads to a further reduction of CO2 emissions.