India’s car fleet is projected to grow by a factor of 16 from 2000 to 2050. Presently characterised by small cars (70%), this will stay the same up to 2050. Although India will remain a low price car market, the key to efficiency lies in electrified powertrains (hybrid, plug-in and battery electric). Biofuels will take over 6% and electricity 22% of total transport energy demand. Stringent energy efficiency measures will help limit growth of transport energy demand by 2050 to about a factor of 5.5 compared to 2005.