heat and cooling supply
Today, renewables provide 11% of North America’s primary energy demand for heat supply, the main contribution coming from the use of biomass. The lack of district heating networks is a severe structural barrier to the large scale utilisation of geothermal and solar thermal energy. Dedicated support instruments are required to ensure a dynamic development.
In the Energy [R]evolution Scenario, renewables provide 69% of North America’s total heating demand in 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures help to reduce the currently growing demand for heating and cooling, in spite of improving living standards.
- For direct heating, solar collectors, biomass/biogas as well as geothermal energy are increasingly substituting for fossil fuelfired systems.
- A shift from coal and oil to natural gas in the remaining conventional applications will lead to a further reduction of CO2 emissions.