primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.95. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be lower by 46% in 2050. Around 78% of the remaining demand will be covered by renewable energy sources.
The Energy [R]evolution version aims to phases out coal and oil as fast as technically and economically possible. This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables and a fast introduction of very efficient electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 36% in 2030 and 78% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out just after 2035.