A key target in Eastern Europe/Eurasia is to introduce incentives for people to drive smaller cars, something almost completely absent today. In addition, it is vital to shift transport use to efficient modes like rail, light rail and buses, especially in the expanding large metropolitan areas. Together with rising prices for fossil fuels, these changes reduce the huge growth in car sales projected under the Reference scenario. Compared to the Reference scenario, energy demand from the transport sector is reduced by 5,948 PJ/a 2050, saving 60% compared to the Reference scenario. Energy demand in the transport sector will therefore decrease between 2009 and 2050 by 28% to 4,012 PJ/a (including energy for pipeline transport).
Highly efficient propulsion technology with hybrid, plug-in hybrid and batteryelectric power trains will bring large efficiency gains. By 2030, electricity will provide 21% of the transport sector’s total energy demand in the Energy [R]evolution, while in 2050 the share will be 46%.