A key target in OECD North America is to introduce incentives for people to drive smaller cars, something almost completely absent today. In addition, it is vital to shift transport use to efficient modes like rail, light rail and buses, especially in the expanding large metropolitan areas. Together with rising prices for fossil fuels, these changes reduce the huge growth in car sales projected under the Reference scenario. Energy demand from the transport sector is reduced to 50% in the Energy [R]evolution scenario and to 44% in the advanced version compared to the Reference scenario.
Highly efficient propulsion technology with hybrid, plug-in hybrid and battery-electric power trains will bring large efficiency gains. By 2030, electricity will provide 13% of the transport sector’s total energy demand in the Energy [R]evolution scenario, while in the advanced version the share will already reach 16% in 2030 and 58% by 2050.