development of CO2 emissions
Whilst OECD North America’s emissions of CO2 will increase by 2% between 2007 and 2050 under the Reference scenario, under the Energy [R]evolution scenario they will decrease from 6,681 million tonnes in 2007 to 942 million tonnes in 2050. Annual per capita emissions will drop from 14.9 t to 1.6 t. In spite of the phasing out of nuclear energy and increasing demand, CO2 7,000 emissions will decrease in the electricity sector. In the long run efficiency gains and the increased use of renewable electricity in the transport sector will even reduce CO2 emissions.
With a share of 46% of total CO2, the transport sector will be the largest source of emissions in 2050.The advanced Energy [R]evolution scenario reduces energy related CO2 emissions over a period ten to 15 years faster than the basic scenario, leading to 5.1 t per capita by 2030 and 0.4 t by 2050. By 2050, OECD North America’s CO2 emissions are 96% below 1990 levels.