development of CO2 emissions
Whilst Latin America’s emissions of CO2 will almost double under the Reference scenario, under the Energy [R]evolution scenario they will decrease from 1,010 million tonnes in 2007 to 312 million tonnes in 2050. Annual per capita emissions will drop from 2.2 t to 0.5 t.
The advanced Energy [R]evolution scenario will shift the peak of energy related CO2 emissions to approximately 5 years earlier than in the basis version, leading to 1.1 t per capita by 2030 and 0.2 t by 2050. By 2050, Latin America ́s CO2 emissions will be 80% below 1990 levels.
In spite of the phasing out of nuclear energy and increasing demand, CO2 emissions will decrease in the electricity sector. In the long run efficiency gains and the increased use of renewable electricity in vehicles will even reduce CO2 emissions in the transport sector. With a share of 54% of total CO2 in 2050, the transport sector will remain the largest source of emissions.