primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 6.40. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall energy demand will be reduced by 45% in 2050. Around 63% of the remaining demand will be covered by renewable energy sources.
The Advanced scenario phases out coal and oil about 10 to 15 years faster than the Energy [R]evolution scenario. Main reasons for this is a replacement of new coal power plants with renewables after 20 years rather than 40 years lifetime in the Energy [R]evolution scenario and a faster introduction of electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace combustion engines. This leads to a renewable energy share of 40% in 2030 and 85% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out in both Energy [R]evolution scenarios just after 2030.