heat and cooling supply
Renewables currently provide only 1% of primary energy demand for heat and cooling supply in the Middle East, the main contribution coming from the use of biomass and solar collectors. Dedicated support instruments are required to ensure a continuously dynamic development of renewables in the heat market.
In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, renewables provide 84% of the Middle East’s total heating and cooling demand in 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures can restrict the future primary energy demand for heat and cooling supply to a doubling rather than tripling, in spite of improving living standards.
- In the industry sector solar collectors, biomass/biogas as well as geothermal energy are increasingly substituting for conventional fossil-fuelled heating systems.
In the Energy [R]evolution scenario 2,005 PJ/a is saved by 2050, or 17% compared to the Reference scenario.The advanced Energy [R]evolution version introduces renewable heating systems around five years ahead of the basic scenario. Solar collectors and geothermal heating systems achieve economies of scale via ambitious support programmes five to ten years earlier, resulting in a renewables share of 33% by 2030 and 97% by 2050.