development of CO2 emissions
While CO2 emissions in the Middle East will more than double under the Reference scenario by 2050 and are thus far removed from a sustainable development path, under the Energy [R]evolution scenario emissions will decrease from 1,374 million tonnes in 2007 to 387 million tonnes by 2050. Annual per capita emissions will drop from 6.8 t to 1.1 t. In spite of an increasing electricity demand, CO2 emissions will decrease strongly in the electricity sector. In the long run efficiency gains and the increased use of renewable electricity in vehicles will even reduce CO2 emissions in the transport sector.
The advanced Energy [R]evolution scenario will accelerate the decrease of energy related CO2 emissions compared to the basic version, leading to 3.8 t per capita by 2030 and 0.3 t by 2050. By